You’ve got a smartphone and maybe a smart TV, and you may have heard that smart refrigerators are in the works. Next up: the smart home.
Processing power and network connections are transforming daily life, so it should come as no surprise that such technologies may soon improve the places where we live.
The “smart home” is a catch-all term for a collection of technologies designed for a broadband-connected house. They allow consumers to monitor and control appliances and locks, and to automate particular tasks, such as controlling the temperature.
For most consumers, the smart home has been little more than a futuristic fantasy. Sure, some affluent families already have homes that they can program and use like computers to lock doors from afar, or have their alarms automatically set when everyone leaves the house. But the cost of such systems has been beyond the reach of mainstream consumers.
What’s more, the complexity of such systems typically meant that they either had to be installed as a house was being built or they required a professional installer.
Costs coming down
But that is starting to change. The cost of sensors and controllers has come down dramatically. Many devices now making use of standard networking protocols such as Wi-Fi and ZigBee, an emerging low-power standard for wireless data connections, allow users to more easily build out their systems.
The growing adoption of connected devices such as smartphones and the spread of wired and wireless broadband allow users to connect to their homes with equipment they already have.
But perhaps the most important change is that smart-home services are starting to be offered by companies such as ADT, Comcast and Verizon, which are making the technology more accessible by subsidizing upfront costs with longer-term subscription fees.
Comcast, for example, is offering a promotion on its new smart-home service that includes free installation of a standard set of security sensors. It costs about $40 a month, in line with what you’d pay for standard home-security services.
Services have some compelling capabilities.
For example, parents can be notified by text message when their kids come home – or when they don’t. Or homeowners can view video recordings of everyone who has recently approached their front door.
Eco-minded consumers can get smart-home features that automatically turn down air conditioners when no one’s around or allow them to closely monitor electricity use in their homes.
Systems also are being developed that will allow them to see how much electricity is passing through individual outlets – and get alerts when those outlets carry extraordinary loads.