DURHAM — Inside the wooden doors of Morgan Imports, Christmas trees twinkle with holiday lights as the words of Frosty the Snowman linger in the air. The scent of Fraser fir wafts through the space, and the temperature is kept on the chilly side customers dont want to Christmas shop in 80-degree weather, after all.
Were trying to make it a magical experience, when you walk in it really puts you in the Christmas mood, said Charles Vaughan, a manager for the furniture, garden and gifts shop. When you target all of the senses, you are really able to get that wow feeling.
Retailers in the Triangle and nationwide have long played Christmas music, knowing it not only inspires holiday cheer but can impact how long and how often shoppers browse. But research within the past decade, including a new study by Washington State University researchers, has found that combining tunes with simple, store-appropriate smells could help retailers increase sales even more.
At ScentAir in Charlotte, which provides scents to businesses as a means of improving customer experience and marketing, demand for scent-related product increases at the holidays, said Ed Burke, the companys marketing director.
If theyre putting a lot of effort into decorating for the holiday, what scent is crucial? he said. The company consults with clients about what type of scent simple or complex, holiday or signature will best appeal to customers and make their store come across as authentic, he said.
Looking over related scientific research and making sure their sounds, music and displays match their customer base could help stores improve the shopping experience and draw in business, says Eric Spangenberg, dean of the college of business at Washington State University.
Spangenberg, who has worked with companies such as Nordstrom and J.C. Penney on sensory retail research, has long studied how pairing scents with sounds impacts shopper behavior. In a 2003 study, he found that Christmas scents received better customer evaluations when paired with Christmas music.
A recent study that he helped author found that simple scents boost buying the most. For 18 days, the researchers watched more than 400 customers in a home decorations store as the air held different scents orange-basil blended with green tea, simple orange and no particular scent at all. The 100 who shopped with the simple scent spent 20 percent more money, the researchers found.
Though its tough to generalize across different markets and product segments, Spangenberg said the takeaway is that using an appropriate scent could boost sales. At the holidays that can mean pine tree, spruce and cinnamon aromas, he said.
A shopkeepers intuition
But while larger chains have the money and resources to develop playlists and signature scents based on the latest theories, many smaller retailers select their atmospherics based on intuition.
At Beleza, a fair-trade womens accessory shop in Raleighs Cameron Village, co-owner Philip Dail and his wife use their intuition, and he believes it works. Dail helped choose the stores cinnamon scent and festive display, complete with free red and green Hersheys Kisses. The holiday music is provided by WRAL-FM. Customer reaction has always been positive, Dail said.
They comment a lot about the smell, and the candy, he said. We are big Christmas people.
Elsewhere in Cameron Village, the Hallmark store is bursting with red and green merchandise and seasonal sweets. The holiday tunes complete the atmosphere, said manager Lora Denton.
I think that when you walk into the store, dont you think that it makes you feel in the Christmas spirit? she said. Hallmark turned Christmas radio music on starting the weekend after Thanksgiving, she said, and will play it nonstop throughout the remainder of the holiday season.
Right combination is key
Playing Christmas music can help ramp up sales by evoking feelings of childhood and pleasant memories, said Charles Bodkin, a marketing professor at UNC Charlotte.
When you are happy, you are buying, he said. It gets everyone in the spirit.
Still, fiddling with the atmospherics of a store can have unintended consequences.
Spangenberg said pairing the wrong scents with poorly suited music or failing to keep the sensory experience consistent could scare away shoppers. Faster-tempo music isnt always a good idea, he said, as slower music encourages customers to spend more time mulling purchases.
And while Christmas music may be beloved by most, stores risk damaging the psyche of managers and employees who must toil for weeks hearing the same holiday hits repeated over and over and over again.
Sometimes after youve heard the song for the millionth time, its like OK, I wish I could take a blowtorch to Frosty, said Vaughan from Morgan Imports.
Sparing the employees
Some shops, hoping to spare their employees, only play Christmas music part time. At Cameron Villages Great Outdoor Provision Co., for instance, manager Robin Hannon said background music switches between holiday satellite radio and other stations.
We try to keep up a variety, he said.
Morgan Imports relied on a mix of intuition and product placement to arrive at its concoction of sounds, sights and smells. The Fraser fir scent is one thats on sale in the store, as are all of the holiday decorations scattered about the store. Christmas tunes come via the radio.
Brianna Strange, a 22-year-old law student at Duke University who visited the shop in Durham for the first time last week, said the jingling music, scent of pine and brightly colored Christmas merchandise combined to make her shopping experience positive.
Its a relaxing environment, and conducive to keeping you here for a while, she said.