SAN LUIS OBISPO, Calif. — Jake Devincenzi was thrilled to get his hands on Googles new Nexus 4 smartphone. He admired its sleek black case and large touch screen and he couldnt wait to tear it apart.
In a small room cluttered with discarded computer parts, Devincenzi picked up a blue plastic stylus and eased the tool into a seam on the side of the phone as three co-workers watched.
Minutes later, a pop. The tear-down had begun.
Were in, he said, and grinned.
Each time Devincenzi plucked a part from the Nexus 4, he took a high-resolution photo and posted it online. By the end of the week, more than 60,000 people had scrutinized the tear-down, curious to know what was inside.
Devincenzi, a 20-year-old student at California Polytechnic State University in San Luis Obispo, works part-time for IFixit, a company that has less of a business mission than a manifesto: Repair is independence. We have the right to remove Do Not Remove stickers.
With the helping hands of technicians such as Devincenzi and repair guides written by volunteer tech experts, IFixit is tapping into growing frustration with cellphones, tablets and computers that, once broken, are almost impossible to fix. The company says it wants to teach people how to repair electronic devices once again and will sell them the tools to do it.
The companys logo is a clenched fist thrusting a wrench in the air.
Its not like it was 10 years ago, when you could open things up and kind of half-recognize what was in there, said Sean Campbell, a technology industry analyst with the Oregon research firm Cascade Insights. I think most people have given up.
To IFixit staff, every high-resolution photograph of naked phone bits splayed across a table is a small act of rebellion against big technology companies like Apple, Google and Samsung. Tear-downs, they say, are a rallying cry for the common man to grab a screwdriver and take back the right to do it yourself.
Were not necessarily actively anti-Apple or anti-the Man, said Scott Dingle, 25, a customer service representative. Its more like, we train other people to do it themselves.
Shattering the mysticism
What is now a staff of 35 began as two people. In 2003, Cal Poly freshmen Kyle Wiens and Luke Soules started selling laptop parts out of a dorm room. When they couldnt find manufacturer-issued repair guides, they wrote their own. The first manual they posted online got 10,000 page views in the first weekend.
They moved their business to a three-car garage, then a house, then a loft-like two-story office in downtown San Luis Obispo. Most IFixit employees are younger than 35. Many grew up taking apart toasters.
Last year, IFixit earned $5.9 million in revenue by selling parts, kits and tools. Some of its more popular items include a spudger to adjust small wires, a five-sided screwdriver that fits Apples proprietary screws and a magnetic mat to keep track of tiny pieces that come loose.
Some of its tools resemble teeth-cleaning instruments. Thats because the first tools IFixit used had been discarded by a dentist.
After Christmas, the company usually sees a spike in sales of parts, Wiens said. He attributes that to people who decide to repair their old gadgets if they dont get a new one as a gift.
Soules, 28, is the business mind. He runs the in-house shipping center and handles the money. The revenue he oversees covers operating costs, including salaries, tear-downs and expensive trips to buy gadgets the moment they come out.
Wiens, 28, is the chief executive and the ideas guy. In college, he dreamed of building a robot that would pick strawberries. Today he dreams of a world where computers dont wind up in landfills, but are fixed instead.
On the Friday before Thanksgiving, workers gathered at IFixit headquarters. Bikes, homemade robots and vintage pinball machines crowded the entryway. Upstairs, an employees dog sniffed past an 8-foot-tall potato launcher and into the office break room, where Wiens wife had prepared dinner for more than 50 people.
Spouses and significant others settled on couches to eat. The ping-pong table became a dining room table. A baby cried.
The tear-down team was oblivious to the turkey and pie. Devincenzi had just pried the Nexus 4s battery out of a dollop of glue and placed the device under lights the size of dinner plates. A camera clicked. As the image appeared on a computer screen, tech writer Andrew Goldberg began to airbrush metallic blemishes.
IFixit is not the only website that offers repair manuals, but its tear-downs are special because they expose a companys proprietary technology, said Scott Swigart, an analyst at Cascade Insights.
The Nexus 4 tear-down revealed a new chip for high-speed data connection. The discovery became news, because Google had not previously disclosed that the phone would have the chip.
Seeing a logic board lying exposed on a table goes a long way toward shattering any aura of mysticism surrounding a new device, said David Aghassi, a freshman at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland who uses IFixit guides and repair kits to fix laptops at the campus repair shop. He checks tear-downs multiple times a day to see how they progress.
The first to open
Tear-downs are so important to IFixits DNA that the staff will do almost anything to be the first to open a device even fly halfway around the world.
Getting the Nexus was much easier. UPS inadvertently delivered the phone to IFixit a day before it officially went on sale. (Its good to know Google doesnt have the same iron control over shipping that Apple does, Wiens said.)
Often, IFixit employees trawl the Internet for consumers who may have gotten a gadget ahead of the scheduled launch, or fly to different time zones to buy devices that arent yet on sale in the United States.
Before the iPad Mini went on the market Nov. 2, Soules and Goldberg flew to New Zealand with heat guns and photo equipment. New Zealand is 21 hours ahead of Pacific time. They planned to have a tear-down posted on the Web before the iPad Mini went on sale in the United States.
But 14 hours before the products launch in New Zealand, IFixits chief information architect, Miroslav Djuric, found two iPad Minis for sale in Berkeley, Calif. He had scooped his own co-workers. The tear-down staffers left behind in San Luis Obispo went into work just before midnight on Halloween, ready for an all-nighter fueled by doughnuts and coffee.
Missing Halloween as a college kid to tear apart something that no ones ever seen before? said Devincenzi, who works part time while attending school. I guess I dont mind.
After the turkey was devoured, Brittany McCrigler, one of the nine women on the IFixit staff, walked into the room where Devincenzi had picked apart the Nexus 4.
All done? McCrigler said, tapping him on the shoulder. What were you thinking for numbers?
Eight out of 10? he replied. Hasnt been bad.
IFixit rates each device for ease of repair. In the end, the Nexus 4 got a seven. Devincenzi and McCrigler knocked off points for glue. Adhesive makes devices thinner, but it makes opening them very difficult.
Thats especially true for Apple products, which are notoriously hard to open and fix. Making any changes to Apple hardware can void the warranty and the Genius Bar support that comes with it. Newer iPhones are protected by custom-designed screws. The iPad is held together almost exclusively with glue. To open it, IFixit has traditionally used a heat gun, suction cups and guitar picks. Some shattered remnants of iPads, evidence of failed attempts, lie around the office.
I look at that and I am like, I am never going to attempt this, said Campbell of Cascade Insights. This is way, way beyond grabbing a Phillips screwdriver.
Removing the screen became slightly more user-friendly when McCrigler suggested a technique shed adapted from massage therapy training: Fill a bag with rice, stick it in the microwave, and lay it across the screens edge to melt the glue. They call it the iOpener.
Persuading nontechies to tinker is one of the companys biggest hurdles. Repairs can go wrong, and do even for the professionals. Screens shatter. Wires snap.
But once people have their first fix, theyre hooked, IFixit sales manager Eric Essen said. When I fixed my iPhone and it turned on, I was like, I am a god! I am Frankenstein!