It was like a scene out of “The Birds,” except the birds weren’t attacking people but every berry-producing plant in the garden. It seemed to make no difference: hollies, nandinas – and even the Chinese fringe tree’s plump blue fruit – were all fair game. The fruit had been just sitting there all winter and then, on a cold misty morning, they descended.
It was the loud chatter of robins and cedar waxwings that brought me outdoors and made my jaw drop. I grabbed my camera to try and capture the moment. As horticulturists, we are always promoting planting native hollies because they are durable, beautiful and a terrific winter asset loaded with bright red berries that also feed wildlife.
Among the hollies that the birds found particularly delectable were the native yaupons. Known botanically as Ilex vomitoria, this holly is native from the Deep South northward to zone 7, which includes much of North Carolina’s Piedmont. You’ll find these available in upright multi-trunked form, and also as a weeping specimen.
Also a magnet for dining birds was the American holly, known botanically as Ilex opaca, which is native to 28 states and has a wide cold hardiness range stretching from zones 5 through 9. Both the yaupon and the American holly make excellent choices for screens and look exceptional in clusters of three.
Equally cold hardy and among birds’ favorites are the deciduous hollies like the possum-haw, Ilex decidua, and the winterberry, known as Ilex verticillata. You might not think you would like a deciduous holly, but once you see them loaded up with berries way too numerous to count, you will be forever hooked.
These hollies have male and female plants. So if feeding the birds or cutting berry-laden branches for Christmas is high on your list, you will need female selections. Some recommend a male for every three female but if you live in an area with hollies, this is normally not an issue. Talk to your nursery staff about superior berry-producing varieties that are available for each of the species mentioned.
Hollies should be placed in a prepared fertile bed, not mixed with turf, but incorporated with other shrubs. Several of these hollies can be the bones or foundation for a home’s landscape.
Use them in companion plantings with azaleas or rhododendrons. Repeat these plantings in the landscape, placing redbuds and dogwoods in between the groups. Use them at corners to naturally lengthen the front of your home.
Even though these are tough, persevering shrubs, they do need water to get established. During the first year, make it a practice to train them to go deep with their root expansion by watering deeply but infrequently.