Set the ground rules
According to a 2012 Pew Research Center study, 40 percent of 18- to 34-year-olds and half of 18- to 24-year-olds live with one or both parents. Here are 10 questions author Jeffrey Jensen Arnett says parents should ask of kids who plan to live at home.
1. Do kids have a plan while living at home more education, networking and job applications, part-time or volunteer work?
2. Is there an end date e.g., a few months to no more than a year?
3. Will they pay rent, contribute to household expenses, or provide other kinds of regular help (e.g. errands, cleaning the bathroom)?
4. What are the expectations about chores?
5. Will they prepare or help with meals?
6. Will they take care of their own laundry?
7. Will they be allowed to borrow the car?
8. Do they need to call or text if theyll miss dinner or be out late?
9. Can romantic partners sleep over?
10. Can they smoke cigarettes or use alcohol or marijuana in the house?
Is todays 20-something yesterdays teenager?
Theres some truth to the fact that todays emerging adult is the teen of yesterday, but only in the sense that when we were growing up in the 60s, 70s and 80s we grew up a lot faster, says Jeffrey Jensen Arnett, author of the recently published When Will My Grown-Up Kid Grow Up? Loving and Understanding Your Emerging Adult.
Arnett, a research professor in the Department of Psychology at Clark University in Worcester, Mass., began picking up on this trend of delayed adulthood in the early 1990s.
He began interviewing parents and what he would come to identify as emerging adults roughly ages 18 to the mid-20s.
Adulthood came earlier in every sense, says Arnett of even just a generation ago. We got out of high school and got a job or went to college. We got married earlier the typical age for marriage in the 1960s was 21; today its 27.5 we had kids. By our mid-20s, our adult lives were set.
In the late 80s, though, that began to change. Jobs were becoming more complex, requiring more education. They were also becoming more scarce, which meant it wasnt as easy to move into that first apartment.
Both trends contributed to delaying marriage and starting a family.
The impact of technology
One thing that really stands out is how technology is so much more a part of our lives, says Arnett. First email and cell phones and later texting, Skype and other social media opened a world beyond what previous generations had known. No longer was your pool of friends and potential mates limited to where you lived; there was a now a world of people out there within reach.
Minus the once-pressing demands of entering adulthood, adulthood became delayed and your 25-year-old showed up on your doorstep, a phenomenon commonly referred to as boomeranging.
According to a 2012 Pew Research Center study, 40 percent of 18- to 34-year-olds and half of 18- to 24-year-olds live with one or both parents. Arnett says parents can best deal with the issue by both stepping back and staying connected.
Kids very likely still need you in their 20s, especially in their early 20s, says Arnett. There are times when they need a shoulder to cry on, times when they may need money and times when they may need to move home for a while.
Parents, he says, have trouble giving up the control they once exerted. Emerging adults, meanwhile, are going through a metamorphosis which Arnett calls their launching, exploring, landing phase during which theyre trying to figure out who they are and what they want to be. Its a time of exploring and experiencing new freedoms: they want to be treated like adults yet theyre living with their parents.
Sylvia Roan, a licensed mental health practitioner with the Charlotte Family Counseling Center, sees this dynamic frequently in her practice.
What I tell my clients is, you need to set limits, to set boundaries before the adult child moves back in, she says. You need to establish household responsibilities that the grown-up child will share. Determining those types of things ahead of time will save a lot of grief.
Open communication is key as well.
Roan tells of a 20-something client living with his parents who was miffed because he wanted to go back to school but his parents werent offering to pay for it. Its my dads responsibility, the client told her.
Did you check with your parents on that? Roan asked.
Well, no, he replied, surprised. Doesnt everyone think that?
The biggest stressor Roan sees in this dynamic: a son or daughter who stays up half the night, either online or out with friends, then sleeps until midafternoon. Why arent they out looking for a job? the parents want to know.
The good news, says Arnett, is that this phase will pass. Probably.
By age 30, Arnett says, almost everyone has a job that they will have for at least five years and has a partner. That, I think, is the reassuring message of our book: They will grow up.
Joe Miller writes about health and fitness in North Carolina. Read his blog at GetGoingNC.com.