In 1970, James Beard weighed more than 300 pounds. Desperate to reduce, he visited celebrity diet doctor Georges Pathé on the outskirts of Grasse near the southeast coast of France. The doctor prescribed the Prudence Diet, which consisted of portions that looked microscopic to the rotund chef and food writer. While on the diet Beard was always hungry a condition made worse by the fact he was not supposed to drink wine.
But on a Sunday evening in December 1970, he and M.F.K. Fisher, plus two of her friends, went to dinner at the home of Julia and Paul Child. As recounted in Provence, 1970, an affectionate micro history by Luke Barr, Fishers grandnephew, Beard arrived early and began poking around the kitchen with the hostess. When he spotted a large head of chard, he decided to make soup.
Child and Beard loved cooking together, Barr writes,and had even given themselves a joint nickname a few years earlier: Gigi, a combination of their names (or at least the Js in their first names, as pronounced in French). The Gigis are in the kitchen, they would say. She wore a bright flower-patterned dress, and he had matched her with an equally colorful bow tie. Beard sauteed leeks and garlic for his soup, and added tomatoes. Child gleefully named it Soupe Barbue French for Bearded Soup (Beard-ed soup. Get it?) with the rich sweetness of the chard and leeks set off by the acidity of the tomatoes, according to Barr.
And it was healthy, too, Beard insisted, made with a minimum of olive oil. Child, despite rotating the chicken multiple times in the oven so it would roast evenly, undercooked it. Youd think that Id know how to cook a chicken by now! grumped the author of the recently published Mastering the Art of French Cooking.
A memory of 1970
Relying on his great-aunts letters and a journal from 1970, Barr has produced a plausible reconstruction of a brief moment in 1970 when M.F.K. Fisher, Julia Child and James Beard found themselves together in France. Child, who had just completed the second volume of Mastering the Art of French Cooking, was already a TV celebrity in the United States; Beard was finishing his ambitious American Cookery; and Fisher, a prolific author, had established herself as the pre-eminent American food writer.
Childs co-author, Simone Beck, was also there, along with their editor, Judith Jones, and so was the reclusive chef Richard Olney, who had just published The French Menu Cookbook. Calling such a convergence historic, as Barr does, may be a bit melodramatic, but it certainly was a coincidence, and Barrs account renders it less as history and more as a heartwarming story of friendship, conviviality and the joys of sharing good food.
Reconstructing a recipe
James Beard never wrote down the recipe for his Soupe Barbue, but Barr provides enough clues to suggest a reasonable facsimile. Though the ingredients in the accompanying recipe probably vary somewhat from Beards, it clearly provides rich sweetness that Barr mentioned, along with the health benefits Beard proclaimed.
Soupe Barbue, aka Tomato-Swiss Chard Soup
The Swiss chard and leeks play off the tomatoes in this healthy James Beard soup.
3 tablespoons olive oil
1 yellow onion, chopped
2 leeks, washed and chopped
2 garlic cloves, minced
4 teaspoons tomato paste
2 teaspoons sugar
1/2 teaspoons ground cumin
1/4 teaspoon ground allspice
1/8 teaspoon cayenne pepper
1/2 teaspoon herbes de Provence
1 (28-ounce) can peeled tomatoes
1/2 cup fresh basil leaves, chopped
4 cups chicken or vegetable broth
1 (15-ounce) can (about 1 1/2 cups) garbanzo beans, drained and rinsed
8 ounces Swiss chard (about 2 1/2 cups), stems removed and leaves cut into strips
1/2 cup of cream
HEAT olive oil in a large saucepan over medium heat. Add onions, leeks, salt and pepper.
COOK, stirring frequently, until onion begins to soften and turn translucent, about 4 minutes. Add garlic, tomato paste, sugar, cumin, allspice, cayenne and herbes de Provence. Stir to combine and cook until fragrant, about 1 minute. Add tomatoes and simmer about 2 to 3 minutes.
ADD basil, broth and garbanzo beans. Simmer about 30 minutes. Stir in chard and simmer about 5 minutes more. Add cream and additional salt and pepper if needed.
Yield: 6-8 servings