Monsanto, the world’s largest seed company, has approached Syngenta AG about a takeover, almost a year after a previous attempt fell apart, according to people familiar with the matter.
Monsanto has discussed its interest with Syngenta in recent weeks, said two of the people, asking not to be identified discussing private information. Syngenta, which has a market value of about 29 billion Swiss Francs ($31 billion), has concerns about a combination, which would face antitrust hurdles, the people said, and the companies may fail to reach an agreement, they said.
Syngenta's global headquarters for biotechnology research is in Research Triangle Park, where the company employs more than 400 people.
Combined with Syngenta, Monsanto would become the largest player in the world for both seeds and crop chemicals and a formidable competitor to Bayer AG, BASF SE and Dow Chemical.
Basel-based Syngenta is the world’s largest maker of crop chemicals whereas St. Louis-based Monsanto is the largest maker of seeds and dominates the global market for genetically modified crops like corn and soybeans.
Monsanto jumped as much as 3.6 percent in afterhours trading, after closing at $113.96 in New York, giving the company a market value of $54 billion. A spokeswoman for Monsanto declined to comment, while a representative for Syngenta had no immediate comment when reached by phone.
The companies held preliminary talks last year with advisers about a combination before Syngenta’s management decided against negotiations, people familiar with the matter said at the time.
No agreement was made after concerns were raised about the strategic fit, antitrust issues and relocating the company.
To address antitrust issues, Monsanto has planned for a deal that would include a sale of portions of the combined business, one of the people said Thursday. The U.S. company last year reached out to potential bidders of those assets, including Bayer AG, this person said.
A spokesman for Bayer couldn’t be immediately reached by phone and email.
Monsanto’s dominance in the seed industry was the subject of U.S. antitrust probes at the federal and state levels a few years ago.
The U.S. Department of Justice’s antitrust division dropped its probe into possible anti-competitive practices in the seed industry in 2012, and a month later at least seven states led by Iowa ended their five-year investigation without taking action.
Opposition to genetically modified crops led BASF SE in 2012 to announce a relocation to the U.S. from Germany of the plant-science division that develops such crops.
During the talks last year, a purchase of Syngenta was – in part – viewed as an opportunity for Monsanto to move its tax location to Switzerland, where corporate tax rates are lower than in the U.S.
Such deals, known as inversions, have since come under increased scrutiny from U.S. legislators, and it’s not certain that any revived offer would be structured to move Monsanto’s official address.
Staff writer David Bracken contributed.