With the news of musician Glenn Frey’s passing came a question for many: How could a form of arthritis – specifically Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) – cause someone’s death? Isn’t it just achy joints and extra misery during cold weather?
RA is an autoimmune disease much closer to the Lupus that shortened the life of Charles Kuralt than the osteoarthritis that tells your grandma it’s going to rain tomorrow. With RA, the body’s immune system attacks itself, primarily in the synovial fluids in joints. Any joint. Every joint.
I was diagnosed with RA in 2013 while I was recovering from surgery to replace my knees. One morning about seven weeks after the surgery, I awoke in a whole new world.
My hands and wrists were on fire. I couldn’t grip my bedsheet to pull it over me. In comparison with childbearing, this was near the top of my “impressive pain” scale.
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As the day wore on, I had the ache and misery that we all remember as the feeling you have when coming down with the flu. I describe it as full-body tendonitis.
I tried to sleep, but my thermostat couldn’t figure out what it wanted. I sat up in my bed, sweating, with chills, wrapping myself in towels and blankets, then throwing them off. It was like an Olympic hot flash.
My wonderful physical therapist suspected RA right away and got me an appointment to see a rheumatologist. I was diagnosed immediately.
Many RA patients have a very different experience. Their symptoms can be more vague, more gradual. Misdiagnosis is common and the delay in starting treatment can come at a great cost.
Treatment for RA suppresses the overactive immune system. Without it, RA patients will suffer deformities in their joints, most commonly in the hands. You’ve probably seen crooked, swollen fingers.
Left untreated, RA can attack throughout the body, striking with inflammation in the organs, tendons and the vascular system. RA patients are at higher risk for heart disease, pneumonia and lung complications.
Some of the drugs that treat RA have been around a long time and are still used to treat cancer. The new “biologics” are very effective in driving the disease into remission, but can make patients more vulnerable to infection and some cancers.
We’ve all been bombarded with advertising for these biologic treatments. You see a young father working on his daughter’s doll house, a woman cheerfully running her catering business. The ads emphasize that these people can do these things that are stressful for their hands, thanks to these drugs.
In the RA community, we have a name for the people in these ads. We call them “actors.”
In reality, living with RA is about mitigating chronic pain and restriction of activities. It’s about fatigue. Lots of fatigue. It’s the frustration of a kind of brain fog that’s hard to describe. I’ll tell you about it when I find my keys.
It’s also about avoiding getting sick with colds and stomach bugs. Less hugging and kissing. More waving and sending emoticons for events we have to skip because there will be a crowd of people.
For me, the development of voice-activated word processing and Siri have kept me connected to the world and the work I love: writing. Some days, everything hurts and that totally stinks.
Every now and then (a day or two each month) I enjoy the miracle of a full night’s sleep, a hot shower in the morning and a day where almost nothing hurts at all.
Jean Bolduc is a correspondent for the Chapel Hill News. You can reach her at email@example.com