Health Care

PESTICIDE PRIMER

Ag-Mart used 18 pesticides on its North Carolina tomatoes during the 2004-2005 growing season, when N.C. Agriculture Department inspectors found hundreds of violations of state pesticide law. The Environmental Protection Agency labels several of them as Class 1, among the most dangerous to humans and the environment. They are:

METHYL BROMIDE

Brand name: MBC Soil Fumigant

Uses: Injected into soil to kill insects, weeds, rodents, diseases and nematodes.

Possible health effects: Headache, dizziness, nausea or vomiting, chest and abdominal pain, irritated eyes, nose and throat. Higher exposure levels can cause slurred speech, temporary blindness, confusion, hemorrhaging, convulsions and kidney damage.

PARAQUAT DICHLORIDE

Brand name: Gramoxone Max

Uses: Weed control

Possible health effects: Skin and eye irritation, excitability, and respiratory problems

COPPER HYDROXIDE

Brand name: Champion Wettable Powder and Kocide 101 Fungicide/ Bactericide

Uses: Kills fungus

Possible health effects: Nausea, vomiting and stomach pain. In severe cases, jaundice, enlarged liver and shock.

METHAMIDOPHOS

Brand name: Monitor 4 Liquid Insecticide

Uses: Insect and worm control

Possible health effects: Wheezing, headache, blurred vision and runny nose. Higher exposure levels can cause weakness, shakiness, tightness in the chest, sweating, confusion, changes in heart rate, convulsions and coma. Linked to reduced sperm count and sperm viability.

HYDROGEN PEROXIDE

Brand name: OxiDate

Uses: Controls fungus, weeds and rodents

Possible health effects: Cough, dizziness, headache, nausea, shortness of breath, skin burns, blurred vision.

EXTOXNET, PAN PESTICIDES DATABASE

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