* County seat of Durham County

* Named for Bartlett Snipes Durham, a country physician who donated land for a railroad depot between Hillsborough and Wilson in 1853

* Home to Duke University, N.C. Central University, Durham Technical Community College and the N.C. School of Science and Mathematics for gifted high school students.

* Nicknamed the City of Medicine, it houses Duke Hospital, which boasts a global clientele including Saudi royalty, and Durham Regional Hospital.

* Total population according to 2005 state data: 204,527

* White population in 2000 Census: 46 percent

* Black Population in 2000 Census: 44 percent

* Other: 16 percent

* Median age: 31

* Median household income in 2000 Census: $41,160

* Education attainment: Bachelor's degree or higher, 40 percent; high school graduate or higher, 83 percent.