Many Americans believe a lot of dumb, crazy, destructive, provably wrong stuff. Lately this is especially (though not exclusively) true of Donald Trump voters, according to a new survey.
The poll, from The Economist/YouGov, was conducted in mid-December, and it finds that willingness to believe a given conspiracy theory is (surprise!) strongly related to whether that conspiracy theory supports one’s political preferences.
Remember Pizzagate? That’s the bizarre theory that Hillary Clinton was helping run a child sex slave ring out of a D.C. pizza joint, as allegedly proved by code words in hacked Democratic emails.
Lest you think this theory was espoused by only a handful of Internet nutjobs, observe that nearly half of Trump voters believe it’s true. This result is based on a poll conducted after a North Carolina man burst into the restaurant with an assault-style rifle, leaving only when he was satisfied that no child sex-slaves were harbored there.
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About half of Trump voters also believe that President Obama was born in Kenya, even though even their once-birther candidate has disavowed this conspiracy theory.
Another conspiracy theory still held by the president-elect is that millions of illegal votes were cast in the recent election. About six in 10 of his own voters agree with him. Surprisingly, about a quarter of Clinton voters agree, too.
Trump voters are unlikely to buy the U.S. intelligence community’s assessment that Russia hacked Democratic emails in order to help elect Trump, a view widely held by Clinton voters. Twenty percent of Trump voters believe this, versus 87 percent of Clinton supporters.
But on the other hand, half of Clinton voters also believe that Russia tampered with vote tallies to help elect Trump, a theory that the Obama administration has repeatedly said there’s no evidence to support. (Just shy of a tenth of Trump voters believe it, too.) This poll result is yet more proof that waning trust in the integrity of the democratic process is bipartisan, and that liberals should maybe keep any smug comments about paranoid, evidence-ignoring Trumpkins in check.
Alarming shares of both Trump and Clinton voters also believe that vaccines cause autism, despite the medical community’s reviews finding no connection (and the many outbreaks resulting from refusals to vaccinate children). Among Trump supporters, 31 percent believe this; among Clinton supporters, 18 percent.
Conspiracy theories are hardly the only arena in which Americans have proven themselves ill-informed. The same survey also found that, astonishingly, about a third of respondents believe the share of Americans without health insurance has risen in the last five years. Even a sizable chunk of Clinton voters (21 percent) believes this. Among Trump voters, the share is 37 percent.
In fact, the uninsured rate in the United States has fallen precipitously, and now stands at an all-time low of 8.9 percent. (The share among only the non-elderly population, 10.4 percent, is also at a record low.)
Some of these misperceptions and false beliefs may seem laughable. To me, they’re terrifying. They result in misused resources, violence and harassment, health risks, bad policy, and, ultimately, the deterioration of democracy. Good governance becomes more challenging when Americans live in parallel universes of facts.
Washington Post Writers Group